Organic Chemistry Functional Groups Review & Naming / Nomeclature & Examples

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This video tutorial provides a review of the functional groups  and  their respective structures that you need to know for your organic  chemistry  1 & 2 course. It includes plenty of naming / nomenclature examples  and  practice problems. You simply have to commit some of these basic functional groups to memorization. Once you know it, this topic will become easy.

Here is a list of functional groups that are covered in this video:
1. alkanes, alkenes,  and  alkynes
2. alcohols, carboxylic acids, alkyl halides,  and  haloalkanes
3. esters, ethers, amines, amides, nitriles,  and  ammonium salts
4. ketones, aldehydes, & epoxides / oxirane
5. conjugated alkenes / alkadienes  and  allenes / cumulated dienes
6. Substituents: methyl, ethyl, propyl, butyl, isopropyl, sec-butyl, tert-butyl, isobutyl, isopentyl, phenyl, benzyl, methoxy, ethoxy, hydroxy, amino, nitro,  and  oxo.
7. Vinyl Halide, allyl halide, aryl halide, phenyl halide, benzyl halide, vicinal dihalide,  and  geminal dihalide.
8. Aromatic Rings – Benzene, Pyridine, & Phenol
9. Cycloalkanes, cycloalkenes,  and  bicycloalkanes
10. Thiol, thioether, thioester, peroxyacid, peroxide, sulfonic acid
11. acid chlorides  and  acid anhydrides
12. Alkoxides – methoxide, ethoxide, tert-butoxide, & phenoxide
13. Imine, Schiff base, Enamine, Vinyl Amine, Enol, Vinyl Alcohol, & The Enolate Ion
14. Amine, Phosphine, Hydroxyl Amine, Ammonium Salt, Phosphonium Salt, Diazonium Salt, & Azide
15. Radicals, Carbocations, Carbanions, & Carbenes
16. Crown ethers, Acetylide Ion, Halohydrins
17. Lactams vs Lactones
18. Hemiacetal, Acetal, Ketal, Hemiketal, & Hydrates,
19. Grignard reagent, organolithium, Gilman Reagent, Organo copper Lithium or dialkyl cuprate
20. Beta hydroxy aldehyde, b-diketones, alpha beta unsaturated ketones, beta ketone ester, malonic ester,  and  acetoacetic ester

Comments

nayeli showtime says:

U go too fast

Donna Espadas says:

Definitely made understanding functional groups easier. Thank you!

Seino says:

Praying that your channel continues to grow, thanks so much!

Chuck Norris says:

Why is is 3-methyl-2-pentanol when the OH is also at 3

Jordan Brown says:

0:38 alkynes have a 180 degree bond angle (straight line) in their skeletal formula due to them having linear geometry and being sp instead of sp2/sp3 which are zig zag

Michael Lee Holcomb says:

The structure's IUPAC name is not 3 methyl 2 pentanol since the OH group is on the third carbon it would have to 3 pentanol.

michael salas says:

you are an angel thank you so much

Renz Andrie says:

i think it's already outdated, IUPAC has new rules i think..

Cindy Alghawi says:

For the Ether example, why would it be di ethyl and not butyl ether?

Cindy Alghawi says:

Hi, I am a bit confused. How come on the alcohol example (the tertiary one) you put "3-methyl-2-pentanol"?? wasn't the alcohol on the 3?? shouldn't it have been 3-methyl-penta-3-ol? Please explain, thank you for all your help!! 🙂

Shane Michael says:

When naming ethers are you only using common naming? Like "diethyl ether," and not IUPAC naming which would be "ethoxy ethane".

no name says:

16:42 it never ends with ochem…

Sajan Ali says:

sir I can not download your lecture plz guide me

Taurus Capricorn says:

6:41 diethylether hmmm, does carbon really have 3 bonnds?

Taurus Capricorn says:

4:56 lacking another O on ethanoic acid

Isaac Hong says:

7:48 I thought that that OCH3 would be classified as a methoxy group?

Ja KarMa says:

At 12:57 why is it called acetone?

Tanvir Hossain says:

16:41 "but it doesn't end there, there are more" 😢😢

Lou-Lou Cakes says:

Can someone please help me understand, at 5:47 Why isn't it 5-bromoheptane?

chemistry channel says:

I'm a student in high school and this is my last year next semester I will take organic chem so I prepared for it I learned alot from your channel ! I know everything I need now for my next semester! Even biochem 💜 thank u so much 🌷🌷🌷🌷

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